Basics of IoT
Internet of Things (IoT) has been in the news in recent years. With the number of connected devices increasing year by year, this emerging technology will not slow down anytime soon. The number of connected devices was expected to cross 11Bn in 2018 excluding the computers and smartphones ensuring that this cutting-edge technology remains a hot topic for many years to come.
Are you wondering what is IoT and how this technology can help? Read the blog to find out more;
What is IoT?
One can define IoT as a network of physical objects that are interconnected and can be accessed through the internet. It is a single giant platform for connected devices and people to interact with each other for collecting and sharing data on how they can be used and the surroundings.
IoT network comprises of devices of all sizes and shapes from your intelligent microwaves that can cook automatically for the correct duration to self-driving cars having in-built sensors that can detect obstacles in the road and wearable fitness devices that can count the number of steps you walk as well as your heart rate and suggest custom exercise plans for you.
Certain factors have led to the creation of a perfect platform for the phenomenal growth of IoT which are as follows:
How does an IoT system work?
An IoT system comprises of 4 unique components – Connectivity, sensors, user interface, and data processing. A single sensor or a device having multiple sensors collect data from the surroundings from a simple temperature reading to a complex video feed. The device of the sensor connects to the cloud through Bluetooth, satellites, Wi-Fi or via Ethernet to the internet based on the range, power consumption, and bandwidth.
Deciding on the best option for connectivity depends on the specific type of IoT application even though the main aim of all these options is to transfer data on to the cloud.
Data gets processed on the cloud. It can be as simple as determining whether or not the temperature reading is well within the limits or as complex as using image recognition in videos for identifying intruders in your home.
The final step involves conveying the info to the users effectively and conveniently. Communication can be in the form of emails, notifications, text alerts or via an interface that allows the user to check proactively.
In some scenarios, the device can adjust the sensors automatically without the intervention of a user. Whereas in cases where user input is mandatory, the user has the option to interact through the interface and then the information is sent backward from interface to the cloud and later to the sensors to make necessary adjustments.
How can IoT help?
IoT has all the capabilities to change the world around us. We are already seeing its impact but are yet to witness this emerging technology reach its potential. This technology will change the future of many sectors by reducing costs via improving process efficiency, asset management, and productivity. By providing you with analytics and insights in real-time, it will help you in making right and smart decisions.
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